Conjunctivitis: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Eye care

Conjunctivitis: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is a widespread eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. To shed light…
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Expertise and Compassionate Care: Choosing the Best Eye Doctor in Gurgaon
Eye care

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Everything You Need to Know About Lasik Surgery Cost in Gurgaon
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Keratoconus- What are the 3 Effective Treatments?

Keratoconus- What are the 3 Effective Treatments?

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Everything You Need to Know About Cataract Surgery in Gurgaon
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August 17, 2023 Eye care0

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is a widespread eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. To shed light on this topic, we turn to the expertise of Dr. Deepa Gupta, an ophthalmologist renowned for her insights into eye health. In this comprehensive blog, we’ll delve into what conjunctivitis is, its types, the differences between eye flu and conjunctivitis, the causes of bacterial conjunctivitis, the symptoms of eye flu, precautions to take, treatment for viral conjunctivitis, and self-care measures.

What is Conjunctivitis?

In this blog, we will explain how Dr. Deepa Gupta deals with conjunctivitis, which refers to the inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin and transparent layer covering the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. This disease can be caused by viruses, bacteria, allergies, or irritants.

Types of Conjunctivitis:

  • Viral Conjunctivitis:

This type is most commonly associated with the common cold or respiratory infections. It is highly contagious and easily spreads through direct eye contact or touching surfaces contaminated with the virus.

  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis:

Caused by bacterial infections, this type leads to symptoms such as redness, irritation, and a thick, yellow, or greenish discharge. It can be transmitted through contact with infected eye secretions.

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis:

Triggered by allergens like pollen or pet dander, allergic conjunctivitis results in red, itchy, and watery eyes.

  • Chemical Conjunctivitis:

Exposure to irritants like smoke, chlorine, or certain chemicals can lead to chemical conjunctivitis.

Eye Flu vs. Conjunctivitis:

Eye flu is a general term for viral eye infections, including viral conjunctivitis. While the flu usually affects both eyes, conjunctivitis can occur in one or both eyes. Dr. Deepa Gupta emphasises the importance of distinguishing between the two conditions to ensure appropriate treatment.

Causes of Bacterial Conjunctivitis:

Dr. Deepa Gupta explains that bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by various types of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae. The infection typically occurs when bacteria enter the eye through direct contact with contaminated hands or objects.

Eye Flu Symptoms:

Eye flu symptoms can include redness, swelling, watery eyes, sensitivity to light, and a gritty feeling. Depending on the viral infection causing the eye flu, additional symptoms like sneezing, coughing, and fever may be present.

Some of the typical signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Redness:

The white part of the eye (sclera) appears pink or red due to inflammation.

  • Eye Discharge:

A watery or thick discharge may be present, which can be clear, yellow, or green, depending on the type of conjunctivitis.

  • Itching:

The eyes might be prickling and uncomfortable.

  • Tearing: 

Excessive tearing or watery eyes can be a common symptom.

  • Gritty Sensation:

Some people may experience a feeling of something gritty or sandy in their eyes.

  • Swollen Eyelids:

The infected person’s eyelids may become swollen or puffy.

  • Sensitivity to Light:

Bright light may cause discomfort or sensitivity in the affected eye.

  • Blurred Vision:

Vision may be temporarily affected due to excess tearing or discharge.

  • Crusting:

In the morning, eyelashes may be stuck together due to dried discharge.

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis:

It may be accompanied by other allergy symptoms like sneezing and a runny or stuffy nose.

It’s important to note that the severity and specific symptoms of conjunctivitis can vary based on the cause, which can be bacterial, viral, allergic, or chemical in nature.

If an individual suspects that he or she has conjunctivitis or experiences persistent eye symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention from an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Precautions for Conjunctivitis:

To prevent the spread of conjunctivitis, Dr. Deepa Gupta recommends the following precautions:

Avoid contacting the eyes with unwashed hands.

Wash hands frequently, especially after touching the eyes.

Refrain from sharing towels, pillowcases, or maquillage with infected people.

Infected individuals should avoid close contact with others, especially in public places.

Viral Conjunctivitis Treatment:

Dr. Deepa Gupta emphasises that most cases of viral conjunctivitis resolve on their own within a week or two.

However, to alleviate discomfort and promote faster recovery, the following measures can be taken:

Apply cold compresses to the eyes to reduce swelling.

Use over-the-counter artificial tears to soothe irritation.

In intense circumstances, antiviral medicines may be prescribed.

Conjunctivitis Self-Care:

Dr. Deepa Gupta provides essential self-care tips for managing conjunctivitis at home:

Avoid wearing contact lenses until the infection clears up completely.

Practise good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently and avoiding touching the eyes unnecessarily.

Use a clean towel and washcloth for each eye, especially if both eyes are affected.

Discard eye makeup and avoid using it until the infection subsides.

The treatment modalities for conjunctivitis depend on the underlying cause:

  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis:

Antibiotic eye drops or ointments are commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections.

Follow the prescribed dosage and complete the full course of antibiotics to ensure thorough elimination of the condition.

  • Viral Conjunctivitis:

Viral conjunctivitis is usually self-limiting and does not require specific treatment.

Lubricating eye drops or artificial tears can help alleviate discomfort and keep the eyes moist.

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis:

Antihistamine eye drops or oral antihistamines can help reduce allergic reactions and relieve symptoms like itching and redness.

Avoiding the allergens that trigger the condition is essential to preventing recurrence.

  • Chemical Conjunctivitis:

Rinse the eyes thoroughly with water to remove any irritants or chemical substances.

Seek immediate medical attention if the irritation persists or worsens.

  • Other Types of Conjunctivitis (e.g., Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis):

Treatment may involve temporarily discontinuing the use of contact lenses or switching to a different type of lens.

Medications or anti-inflammatory eye drops might be prescribed to manage the condition.

Regardless of the cause, it is crucial to maintain good eye hygiene, avoid touching or rubbing the eyes, and wash hands regularly to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis. If symptoms persist or worsen, it is essential to consult an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and personalised treatment.

FAQs on Conjunctivitis:

  • Can Conjunctivitis Spread through Eye Contact?

Yes, conjunctivitis is highly contagious and can spread through direct eye contact with an infected person’s eye secretions.

  • How does Conjunctivitis Spread?

Conjunctivitis can spread through contact with infected eye secretions, such as by touching the eyes, sharing towels, or using contaminated objects.

  • Why Does Conjunctivitis Occur?

Conjunctivitis can occur due to various factors, including viral or bacterial infections, allergies, and exposure to irritants or chemicals.


Conjunctivitis is a common eye condition that can cause discomfort and irritation. Understanding its types, symptoms, causes, and treatment options is essential for proper management and prevention. We extend our gratitude to Dr. Deepa Gupta for her valuable insights into this topic, which helped us better grasp the significance of eye health and conjunctivitis management.

It is always advised to consult a skilled ophthalmologist for personalised prescriptions and treatment. Get it into your heart to prioritise good hygiene and take necessary precautions to safeguard your eyes and your surroundings.


June 9, 2023 Eye care0

When it comes to our precious eyesight, choosing the right eye doctor is of utmost importance. Gurgaon, a thriving city in India, offers a multitude of options for eye care services. However, finding a doctor who combines expertise with compassionate care can be daunting. This blog post will explore the key factors to consider when selecting the best eye doctor in Gurgaon and how Lall Eye Care stands out as a top choice in the field.

Lall Eye Care is a leading super specialty eye care hospital in Gurgaon, offering world-class services. 

With a team of highly competent professionals covering various ophthalmic super-specialties, our outpatient clinic provides state-of-the-art diagnostic modalities and advanced surgical facilities.

Lall eye care is committed to delivering advanced medical care with personalized attention, compassion, and integrity.

Comprehensive Eye Care at Lall Eye Care:

Lall Eye Care is a super specialty eye care hospital in Gurgaon that is committed to providing world-class diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative services. Lall Eye Care boasts a team of highly competent professionals from various ophthalmic super-specialties equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostic modalities and advanced surgical facilities.

Customized and Advanced Eye Care Services at Lall Eye Care

At Lall Eye Care, we provide highly customized and advanced eye care services. 

Dr. Deepa Gupta, a top ophthalmologist in Delhi NCR, specializes in corneal transplants, refractive and corneal surgeries.

 Our mission is to offer patients the best comprehensive eye care, making us a reliable eye care clinic in Delhi NCR.

Lall Eye Care in Gurgaon: The Best Eye Hospital in Gurgaon

Lall Eye Care in Gurgaon provides exceptional care for all eye and vision-related needs. 

Led by Dr. Deepa Gupta, a renowned eye specialist, our center offers vitreoretinal therapy, cataract surgery, and more. With over 20 years of experience, Dr. Gupta specializes in various eye conditions, ensuring the best outcomes for patients.

Your Vision is Our Vision

Lall Eye Care offers a wide range of optometry services and specialized treatments, including:

  • Cataract surgery

The lens in your eye is crucial because it allows you to see things around you.

  • Cornea care

Our eyes are made up of several components that function together to allow us to see what is around us.

  • LASIK surgery

LASIK eye surgery is one of the broadly prevalent techniques for repairing visual impairments.

  • Keratoconus treatment

Keratoconus is an eye disorder that primarily impacts the cornea of the eyes.

Great Practice Means Great Eye Care

Dr. Deepa Gupta, with her impressive credentials and experience, ensures great eye care at Lall Eye Care. Here are some notable achievements:

– 95% healing success

– Over 500 patients served

– 15+ certificates and awards

By providing superior eye care with expertise and compassion, Lall Eye Care in Gurgaon is a trusted choice for your eye care needs.

Dr. Deepa Gupta: A Beacon of Excellence:

At Lall Eye Care, the primary mission is to offer patients the best quality of comprehensive eye care. Dr. Deepa Gupta, a distinguished ophthalmologist in Delhi NCR, leads the team. 

With extensive experience and expertise in corneal transplants, and refractive and corneal surgeries. Dr. Gupta ensures that patients receive highly customized and advanced eye care services.

Why Choose Lall Eye Care as Your Eye Care Clinic?

  1. Expertise and Specialization:

 Lall Eye Care houses a team of highly skilled professionals covering all major ophthalmic super-specialties. This ensures that patients receive specialized care for their specific eye conditions.

  1. Minimal Wait Times:

Long waiting lists can be a hassle when seeking timely eye care. Lall Eye Care takes pride in minimizing wait times, ensuring that patients receive prompt attention and care.

  1. Comprehensive Services:

 From routine eye examinations to complex surgeries, Lall Eye Care offers a wide range of eye care services under one roof. Whether you need cataract surgery, refractive procedures, or treatment for corneal conditions, the clinic has you covered.

  1. Patient-Centric Approach:

 Lall Eye Care places great emphasis on patient satisfaction. The clinic strives to create a comfortable and supportive environment where patients feel heard, respected, and well-informed about their treatment options.

  1. Proven Track Record:

Lall Eye Care has a strong track record of delivering successful outcomes and improving the vision and quality of life for countless patients. Dr. Deepa Gupta’s expertise, along with the dedicated team, has earned the clinic a reputation for excellence.

  1. State-of-the-Art Technology:

One of the distinguishing features of Lall Eye Care is its commitment to staying at the forefront of technological advancements in eye care. The clinic is equipped with the latest diagnostic and surgical technology, ensuring accurate diagnoses and effective treatments for various eye conditions.

Remember, your eyes are priceless, and entrusting them to the right eye doctor is essential for maintaining optimal eye health. Choose expertise


April 28, 2023 Lasik surgery0

Never overlook any procedure and what it stands for. The same thing follows here when discussing the term LASIK eye surgery. It’s always necessary to understand what the term means and what procedures it includes.

So, to begin with, what does the term LASIK stand for? 

The term is Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. It is a medical procedure that permanently transforms the shape of the cornea and clears the veil of the front of the eye using an excimer laser.

LASIK eye surgery is a well-known and most typically conducted laser refractive surgery to fix vision problems.

LASIK surgery involves using a special type of cutting laser that precisely changes the shape of the dome-shaped transparent tissue which is present at the front of an individual’s eye or cornea to enhance their vision.


According to the experts, the root cause of unclear vision is when light that bends to reflect vision creates incorrect vision.

In eyes with normal vision and healthy functions, the cornea deviates the light at an angle, specifically onto the retina at the rear of the eyeball.

However, the light bends inaccurately for individuals with myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism, resulting in blurred or improper vision.

Nevertheless, Glasses and contact lenses are the options to fix vision, but reshaping the cornea through LASIK surgery can provide essential refraction.

Why is LASIK performed? 

LASIK surgery is often conducted to rebuild the underlying

vision problems:

  • Myopia

When the eyeball is a little longer than normal or the cornea angles too sharply, light rays focus in front of the retina and blur the vision in the distance. You can see close objects clearly but not distant objects.

  • Hyperopia

When an individual has an eyeball that is shorter than usual or consists of a flat cornea, the light focuses behind the retina, not on the retina. This results in near vision and sometimes distant vision being blurred.

  • Astigmatism.

When the cornea is unevenly curved or flat, this results in astigmatism. Which disrupts the focus of near as well as far vision.

If you are contemplating LASIK surgery, it is presumably because you already carry glasses or contact lenses. The ophthalmologist will discuss whether you want a LASIK surgery or any other similar vision-correcting process option that will function for you.


Complications resulting in vision loss are very rare. However, LASIK eye surgery has some side effects, such as dry eyes and temporary blurred vision problems like glare, which are quite familiar after LASIK.

These issues usually go away after a few weeks or months, and only occasionally do people consider such problems as long-term problems.

Complications involved in LASIK surgery:

  • Dry eyes 

LASIK surgery temporarily decreases the production of tears. For about six months after surgery, your eyes may become unusually dry as they heal.

Dry eyes can affect vision. The ophthalmologist may recommend eye drops. If an individual has severe dry eye, they may choose another procedure, which is to place a special plug in your tear duct to keep tears from draining from the surface of your eye.

  •  Under Repair.

If the laser removes too little tissue in your eye, you won’t get the clearer results you expect. The correction is more frequent for nearsighted people. You may need another LASIK procedure within a year to remove more tissue.

  • Overcorrection

It’s also possible that the laser removed too much tissue in your eye. Overcorrecting can be more difficult to correct than correcting.

  • Astigmatism

Astigmatism can be caused by uneven tissue removal. This may require additional surgery, glasses, or contact lenses.

  • Flap problems 

Folding or removing the flap from the front of the eye during surgery can lead to complications, including infection and excess tearing. The outer most layer of corneal tissue can grow abnormally under the flap during healing.

LASIK surgery is often contraindicated if an individual has:

  • If an individual has causes like thinning and swelling of the cornea.
  • Severe nearsightedness
  • Have very large pupils or thin corneas.
  •  Have age-related eye changes that make vision less clear.
  • Play sports Contact sports may involve blows to the face.


LASIK surgery frequently enhances vision without glasses or contact lenses. Generally, an individual has a very good chance of getting the desired or better vision after refractive surgery.

More than 8 out of 10 people who have undergone refractive LASIK surgery no longer need glasses or contact lenses for most activities.

The results depend on the specific refractive errors and other factors. People with low levels of myopia tend to have the most success with refractive surgery. People with high levels of nearsightedness or farsightedness with astigmatism have more unpredictable outcomes.

In some cases, surgery can lead to misalignment. If this occurs, an individual may need another surgery to get the right correction for their eyes.

Cost of LASIK surgery in Gurgaon

The average cost of Lasik eye surgery relies upon numerous factors.

However, the Starting cost is ₹ 40,000. The average cost is ₹ 68,000, and The maximum price is

₹ 1,10,000

The cost of LASIK surgery often increases depending upon the 

  • Experience of the ophthalmologist.
  • Location of the clinic
  • Type of vision defect
  • Screening tests
  • Medicine cost
  • Follow-up cost

Why are we the best eye care clinic in Gurgaon?

Following are some of the justifications for why we are one of the best clinics in Gurgaon.

  • We offer cutting-edge eye care treatments.
  • No waiting lines or short queues.
  • Get expert advice from Dr. Deepa Gupta on a wide range of eye care concerns.
  • Highly personalized.


March 29, 2023 Keratoconus 0

Have you been diagnosed with Keratoconus or are doubtful of it? Do not worry as this eye disorder can be effectively corrected by various treatment modalities. Keratoconus is a progressive eye disorder that causes thinning of the cornea (clear dome-shaped outer layer of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil) making it cone-shaped and bulging outward. This results in blurring, hazy and distorted vision. Your ophthalmologist will carefully do a detailed check-up, maybe with some diagnostic tests, and prescribe an appropriate treatment suitable as per your Keratoconus condition.

Let us look into the various effective treatment options for Keratoconus.

What are the 3 effective treatments for Keratoconus?

The treatment for Keratoconus depends upon its severity and progression. The treatment options aim to improve and maintain your visual acuity and stop the further change in the shape of your cornea. Your ophthalmologist will recommend the most appropriate treatment for you. The current treatment options available are:

#1. Eyeglasses and lenses

  • Prescription eyeglasses and soft contact lenses: These help to correct your blurry and distorted vision effectively during the early stages. You may need to change them as the corneal shape changes.
  • Hard contact lenses: These are rigid eye lenses for treating more advanced Keratoconus. They can provide excellent vision and can be made to fit your corneas.
  • Piggyback lenses: There are certain specialized lenses that may be worn instead of hard lenses if they feel too uneasy to wear. ‘Piggybacking’ means wearing a hard lens on top of a soft one to minimize discomfort.
  • Hybrid lenses: They are a mix of hard and soft lenses with hard in the center and soft around the outer sides. These types of lenses are helpful if you cannot tolerate hard lenses.
  • Scleral lenses: These are useful in advanced stages of Keratoconus when the shape of the cornea has markedly changed. These lenses rest on the sclera instead of the cornea and do not even touch the cornea.

Whichever lenses you use, ensure their fit is regularly checked by ophthalmologists specialized in treating Keratoconus. Proper fit of the lenses is crucial to prevent damage to your cornea.

#2. Corneal collagen crosslinking therapy

This is the latest technique that aids to control the progression of further vision loss by stabilizing the corneal shape at the early stages of the disease. In this, riboflavin eye drops are put to saturate the cornea and then treated with ultraviolet light. This results in cross-linking of cornea and collagen which makes the cornea stiff and prevents its change of shape.

#3. Corneal transplant surgery

When Keratoconus has advanced to a stage when there is extreme thinning of your cornea, corneal scarring, and vision doesn’t improve with any of the lenses, then your ophthalmologist may recommend surgery for a corneal transplant. There are two types of surgical techniques depending on the severity of your condition and the location of your corneal cone bulge:-

  • Penetrating Keratoplasty: This is a transplant of the entire cornea. Your doctor will remove the complete cornea and replace it with a donor cornea
  • Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty: In this procedure, the cornea is replaced, but the inner lining of the cornea is preserved. This reduces the risk of rejection of the new corneal tissue.

All these options for treating keratoconus are safe and effective. Your ophthalmologist can decide the best suitable procedure for you based on your condition and need.

Do not delay in consulting an ophthalmologist if you experience sudden blurring or distortion of vision, increased sensitivity to light, or frequent need to change glasses.


Dr. Deepa Gupta is considered one of the best ophthalmologists in Delhi NCR because of her exceptional clinical and surgical acumen. She possesses rich experience of more than 13 years in treating different types of eye disorders with simple to highly complex procedures. Dr. Gupta specializes in the treatment of Keratoconus and assures the highest quality of treatment with satisfying results in a safe and comfortable environment. She uses the latest and modern equipment and technology which further enhances the quality of outcomes, reduces the time, and minimizes the risk of complications.

Why wait? Get excellent results with compassion and care at the most affordable cost with Dr. Deepa Gupta at Lal eye care center.


March 29, 2023 Cataract Surgery0

What is a cataract?

A cataract is an ordinary vision impairment disorder that usually impacts older adults making their vision cloudy or blurry. When protein gathers in the natural lens of the eye, it results in restricting the light to pass through the lens and makes the vision unclear or cloudy. Moreover, if the problem of cataracts proceeds and is left untreated, it can eventually produce a loss of vision.

However, the rehabilitation or treatment depends on the severity of the cataract. If the vision of an individual can be restored with the use of glasses or contact lenses, the ophthalmologist will provide you with a prescription. 

And if it can’t be restored with glasses or contact lenses and influencing the daily life of that individual, a surgery would be recommended. 

In early times, the surgery or any treatment of cataract was usually done only when the cataract attained maturity. However, with recent advancements, cataracts are crushed inside the eye to make it much more uncomplicated. Safer cataract surgeries are performed much earlier. If you are looking for the best cataract treatment in Gurgaon connect with us today. 

What Is The Duration Of Cataract Surgery?

Most people are concerned about the duration of cataract surgery. Nonetheless, cataract surgery is generally performed on an outpatient basis. 

Cataract surgeries are of short duration and predictable. Depending upon the overall health of the patient and as long as a there’s not any major health issues, any severe eye complications can also be avoided. 

The whole procedure of cataract surgery takes 20 minutes to one hour. The patient is asked to rest in the hospital premises until he or she loses the effect of anesthesia. 

What Happens During A Cataract Surgery?

The entire process of surgery is given below : 

Pre-procedure (1 to 2 weeks before surgery)

  • The ophthalmologist will measure the size and shape of the eye. This is done to choose the best artificial lens for the patient. 
  • The patient may take ordinary feeds prior to the surgery

During Procedure 

  • Hereafter the surgery begins, a local anesthetic drop is used to numb the eye to be operated on. 
  •  The ophthalmologist will create a little incision in the front of the eye named the cornea. 
  • Around this, the doctor will prick or puncture with a tiny tool to shatter up the cataract and gently suction it out. 
  • Ultimately, the new lens will be placed into the eye, and the eye will then be vacated open without any bandage or dressing.

What Is The Recovery Procedure After Cataract surgery?

Typically, the cataract surgery healing should be comprehensive in about a few days and the eye of the patient should be entirely recovered.

It is perfectly normal for vision to become blurred, or disorienting immediately after using surgical drops to dilate the pupils. 

It may take some time for the visual system to adjust to the removal of the cataract and to the new intraocular lens used to replace the natural lens in the eye.

During this adjustment period, some patients may report rippled or distorted vision. This is normal and should only last a few hours.

Some patients may also experience red, bloodshot eyes due to temporary damage to the blood vessels on the surface of the white eye during cataract surgery. 

As the eye heals, the redness should disappear very quickly within a few days. Some patients even complain of dry eyes or itching after surgery. These sensations are related to eye lubrication and should subside as the eye heals. 

This will also fade after a few days. Many people report brief, clear vision within hours of surgery. But each person heals differently, and some people may need a week or two before they can focus and see images.

The patient is asked for a follow-up visit with the cataract surgeon the day after surgery. If the patient does not see any improvement in pre-existing blurred vision or has eye pain despite taking pain medication in the days following this visit, the patient should report this to the physician for surgery as soon as possible.

Tips to have a Successful Recovery?

Many people can return to normal activities even the day after cataract surgery. However, the patient should follow some precautions during the first week to make sure that they don’t get an infection or injury to their eye while it heals.

The ophthalmologist will prescribe antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection and anti-inflammatory eye drops to reduce internal inflammation. 

The patient will need to use the eye drops several times a day as prescribed for several days while recovering from cataract surgery. 

Oral analgesics may be less commonly prescribed in the first few days after surgery in case of pain and discomfort.

What are the various tips for fast recovery from cataract surgery: 

  •  Avoid driving after the first few days of surgery especially if the other eye has a cataract. 
  • Avoid exposure to annoyances similar to dust, pollen, and other allergens during the first many weeks after surgery. 
  • Do not rub your eyes with dirty fritters at any cost. 
  • Dodge taking a shower or splashing any water into the eyes


February 2, 2023 Keratoconus 0

How much does keratoconus treatment cost

Usually, the cornea is dome-shaped. Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea thins out and bulges like a cone. This change in the shape of the cornea brings light rays out of focus, leads to blurry vision, and makes daily tasks like reading or driving difficult. Tiny fibres of protein in your eye called collagen help by holding the cornea in place. When these fibres get weak, they cannot stay in their shape. Your cornea gets more and more cone-shaped. It occurs when you don’t have protective antioxidants in your cornea. Its cells produce harmful byproducts that antioxidants eliminate and protect the collagen fibres. But when levels are low, the collagen weakens, and the cornea bulges. The keratoconus treatment cost depends upon the severity and the type of treatments required. You should book an appointment with an expert doctor to diagnose, monitor, and manage the diseases on time.

The leading cause of Keratoconus 

The cause of Keratoconus is unknown as, in many cases, it develops without any reason. As per studies, many environmental and genetic factors can develop it. Specific reasons for Keratoconus might be hard to understand, but several risk factors are linked. Some are:

  • Eye rubbing,
  • Sleep apnea
  • Ageing
  • Chronic eye Inflammation
  •  Family history
  • Other conditions like Connective tissue disorders, Floppy eyelid syndrome, Retinitis pigmentosa, and Down syndrome.

Symptoms of Keratoconus 

The main symptoms of Keratoconus are:

  •  Vision in one or both eyes worsens over time, especially in late adolescence.
  •  A person may experience double vision when looking with just one eye, even with glasses.
  •  Vision slowly becomes distorted.

Some other symptoms are

  • Astigmatism,
  • Blurred vision,
  • Difficulty seeing in Dim light,
  • Distorted vision,
  • Double vision,
  • Glare,
  • Nearsightedness,
  • Ring of Discoloration on the Front of the Eye,
  • Sensitivity to light,
  • Vision Loss.

In some people who have Keratoconus, both eyes are eventually affected.

Diagnose of Keratoconus

To diagnose Keratoconus, your eye specialist will review your medical and family history and conduct an eye exam. They may also prescribe other tests to determine more details regarding the shape of your cornea. Tests to diagnose Keratoconus include

  • Pentacam computerised corneal mapping

This is one of the special photographic tests, known as corneal tomography and corneal topography, that is performed and records images to create a detailed shape map of your cornea. It also measures the thickness of your cornea and can often detect early signs of Keratoconus before the disease is visible by slit-lamp examination. The test is performed to produce a detailed description of the shape and power of the cornea.

  • Keratometry

It is the corneal curvature measurement done by an expert eye specialist focusing on a circle of light on your cornea. The test measures the reflection and determines your cornea’s basic shape. If you have Keratoconus, then the Images of keratometry will be steep, highly astigmatic, irregular, and appear egg-shaped instead of circular or oval in Keratoconus.

  • Eye refraction test

In this test, your eye expert will use specially designed equipment to measure your eyes to check for vision problems. They may ask you to look through a device containing wheels of different lenses to determine which combination gives you the sharpest vision. Some doctors may also use the hand-held instrument known as a retinoscope to check your eyes.

  • Slit lamp examination 

The test is done by an expert doctor that directs a vertical beam of light on the surface of your eye and uses a low-powered microscope to view your eye and to determine the cause. They evaluate the shape of your cornea and look for other potential issues in your eye.


Consequences of untreated Keratoconus?

The Keratoconus can permanently lead to total vision loss if left untreated and ignored. The changes in the cornea make it difficult for the eye to focus with or without eyeglasses or standard soft contact lenses. This eye condition can be dangerous if laser vision correction surgery is performed on the eye because it can worsen the condition.

Treatment of Keratoconus 

There are many methods for treating Keratoconus, and the keratoconus treatment cost depends on the severity of the condition and the required treatment. The early stage of the condition can be treated with regular eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, but when the condition worsens at later stages, it may need other treatment types. Some patients can also need surgery if they have an advanced stage of the condition and do not have proper sight, even with glasses or contact lenses.

Treatment of Keratoconus at Lall Eyecare

Lall eye care has a renowned doctor Dr Deepa Gupta, who has the expertise and experience to treat Keratoconus. It is a condition in which the cornea develops a cone-shaped bulge that is properly bilateral and asymmetrical and affects both eyes. The clinic is among the best, offering highly customised eye care solutions. Dr Deepa Gupta provides many treatment procedures to treat Keratoconus. After diagnosing the condition based on the findings, she chooses the best treatment option for you. The treatment options can only be decided after the proper diagnosis by the top ophthalmologist . they can treat the condition with

  • Eyeglasses and contact lenses 

If your Keratoconus is diagnosed at an early stage and the progression is mild, it can be improved using eyeglasses and contact lenses. There are many types of lenses available to improve vision.

  • Hard gas permeable lens

If your condition progresses, an expert doctor will recommend a hard gas permeable lens, a hard contact lens that helps retain the spherical shape back.

Intacs corneal rings

This treatment is the recent standard approach for keratoconus therapy. The inserts are inserted in the corneal stroma, leading to a flatter cornea and more excellent vision.

  • Corneal collagen crosslinking 

It is a method that comprises the use of rich eye drops. During the process, the doctor first saturated these eye drops and then treated them with UV radiation.

  • Corneal transplant 

This surgery is done at advanced stages of corneal damage in which contact lens therapies and prescription lenses are useless. The keratoconus surgery cost depends on various factors. At Lall, eye care keratoconus surgery is available at the best and most affordable cost.

At Lall eye care, the expert performs C3R and CXL eye surgery, which doesn’t correct refractive errors in your eyes. It assists in maintaining the current vision level and prevents it from degrading. This eye surgery is stable and less invasive. Dr Deepa Gupta, an expert doctor expertise in crosslinking surgery and makes it one of the most reputed clinics for Keratoplasty.


September 21, 2022 Eye care0

Can Pregnancy result in Blurred Vision?



Pregnancy is the most exciting yet demanding time period in a woman’s life. Among several physical and emotional changes occurring within you, pregnancy may also affect your eyes and the quality of your vision. Do not panic, it is normal to experience blurry vision during pregnancy which usually improves by itself after the birth of the baby, but it is very important to see a good ophthalmologist, in order to prevent any complications which may be sometimes associated with it.

Let us, through this article, know some more details about blurred vision during pregnancy, the reasons for its cause, how it can be managed, and the importance of timely consultation with an ophthalmologist.

What does blurry vision during pregnancy mean?

Blurry vision, while you are pregnant, relates to deterioration in your capability of seeing during pregnancy. The extent to which it may affect you, would differ among individuals and may vary from seeing the objects a little less sharper than before to making normal activities difficult without any aid like glasses or eye drops etc. Blurred vision may occur:

  • In one or both eyes.
  • In only some parts of your field of vision like only your side vision may be blurred.

What causes blurred vision during pregnancy?

There are a lot of hormonal changes in your body during pregnancy that supports your growing baby inside the womb. These hormones may cause retention of the fluids and thus the extra fluid may result in headaches and blurred vision during pregnancy. There is also lowered immunity which may result in vision issues. Blurred vision during pregnancy occurs due to the following reasons:

  • Due to the change in the shape and thickness of your cornea. ( Transparent front part of your eye)
  • The production of tears may be reduced which results in dry eyes and thus poor vision.
  • Due to increased pressure inside your eyes which in turn affects your ability to see.

See an ophthalmologist, to know the cause so that you can take corrective measures to manage your vision issue properly.

When do the blurry eyes during pregnancy start?

There is no fixed time period as to when the vision issues begin during pregnancy. As hormonal changes start right from the early stages, blurry vision during pregnancy can be experienced at any point through the pregnancy period. It varies among individuals, some women have vision issues even before they get to know that they are pregnant, some have blurred vision during pregnancy in the second trimester or third trimester and many do not have it at all. Usually, this subsides after the birth of the baby yet sometimes some may also suffer from blurred eyesight months after delivery.

Can blurry vision while pregnant be a complication?

Usually, blurry vision at the time of pregnancy is not a complication but a normal side effect associated with hormonal changes. But its proper evaluation by an ophthalmologist and a gynecologist is important because this can be a sign of complications like:

  • Gestational or pregnancy diabetes: High blood sugar developed during pregnancy.
  • Preeclampsia: High blood pressure and proteins in the urine.

Both these conditions cause vision problems and can be risky for you and the baby, therefore always consult a reputed ophthalmologist so that you can be prescribed the needed treatment on time to avoid any complications due to blurry vision while you are pregnant.

What can be the treatment for blurry vision during pregnancy?

After you consult a good ophthalmologist, he or she will evaluate the cause and condition of your blurry eyes and accordingly recommend treatment.

They may give you some eye drops which may lubricate your dry, itchy, and painful eyes and thus improve your vision, teach you some eye exercises, or may prescribe you glasses for some time to help you to see clearly. Your ophthalmologist may instruct you to:

  • Stop wearing contact lenses for some time which may irritate and make your eyes dry.
  • Limit your screen time to prevent the harmful effects of blue light on your eyes.
  • Do some eye exercises to make your eye muscles strong, thus improving your eyesight.
  • Use well-lit areas to read or do anything requiring more eye focus.
  • Take enough sleep to provide adequate rest to your eyes.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays.

When should I consult my doctor for blurred vision during pregnancy?

See your ophthalmologist as soon as you experience any vision issues even if it is mild and you think you can manage on your own. It is the most important and foremost step you must take to get proper and timely treatment and avoid any further complications due to blurry eyes while you are pregnant.


So, what next?

Do not delay to visit Dr. Deepa Gupta’s eye care clinic for the best treatment of blurry eyes while pregnant and for all your vision issues under a single roof. Homed by one of the top most highly qualified and experienced doctors, you will be assured to receive the best treatment solutions for your eyes personalized as per your needs. The clinic is equipped with the latest and modern technology to facilitate precision and accuracy in the treatment. Your safety is their priority and therefore very strict norms for hygiene and infection control are maintained for a safe and comfortable environment at pocket-friendly costs. So, why wait?



September 15, 2022 Eye care0

Worried about vision loss with aging? Ways to prevent it

Vision problems due to aging

Aging is an inevitable process affecting all parts of your body and the eyes are no exception. It is very common to see changes in your eyesight and other eye-related issues in aging adults. Although it cannot be reversed, taking necessary precautions and getting the right treatment for your eyes at the right time can help to reduce the risk of many eye issues and vision loss.

Here in this article, we will throw some light on different ways to keep your eyes healthy and prevent vision loss due to aging. At Dr. Deepa Gupta eye care clinic you will receive all sorts of eye care consultations, advice, and customized treatment plans in accordance with your needs and wishes.


1. What are the common signs and symptoms of vision impairment due to aging?

  • Blurry vision.
  • Need more light to see well.
  • Tired eyes and headaches while reading or doing some activity while keeping the objects close to the eyes.
  • Difficulty seeing at night.

2. How can you prevent your impairment of eyes and vision loss due to aging?

Some of the steps you may take to prevent loss of eyesight due to age are:

  • Consult a reputed ophthalmologist and be regular with your visits: A well-qualified and experienced eye doctor is very important for you to get the correct, timely, and personalized advice and treatment for your aging eyes. You must follow his/ her advice and instructions religiously and be regular with their visits.

Dr. Deepa Gupta’s clinic is a one-stop solution to all your eye problems as they provide treatment as and when needed for your eyes to aid them to be healthy and disease free.

Different services include:

o   Cataract surgery

o   Corrections of the cornea

o   Treatment of Keratoconus

o   Lasik surgery

  • Prevent trauma to your eyes:  Due to aging, the risk of losing balance and falling becomes common due to reduced muscle strength, lesser flexibility of the body, and less endurance during physical activities. Therefore, safety measures like anti-skid floors, grab bars, cushioning the sharp corners, securing unstable railings, and using support when needed is important to prevent the risk of traumatic injuries to the eyes.
  • Eat healthily and exercise regularly: Consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise will help you to maintain a healthy weight and prevent the development of ailments like diabetes, high blood pressure, etc can also affect your eyes. 
  • Get enough sleep: Our eyes replenish themselves through continuous lubrication and clear the allergens, dust, and smoke from the eyes while we are asleep. Proper sleep is also essential for emotional and mental well-being which in turn also keeps your eyes healthy and prevents vision impairment.
  • Quit smoking: Research has shown that smoking increases the risk of developing cataracts and age-related macular degeneration which negatively affects your vision. So stop smoking and maintain healthy eyes.
  • Wear eyeglasses to protect your eyes from the sun: Protecting your eyes from the harmful effects of UV rays of the sun is necessary to prevent the risk of developing eye cancers and other eye problems like cataracts. Always wear sunglasses with 100 percent UV protection and wide hats to protect against these damaging eye conditions.
  • Manage your health conditions: Take care of your overall health and get your health issues treated in time which may also have a negative effect on your eyes like diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy, high blood pressure, heart problems, etc. may lead to vision problems.
  • Limit your screen time: Excessive screen time can result in straining your eyes and blurring your vision. Lessen your time on the screen and take short breaks in between to reduce exerting your eyes and keep them in good health.
  • Schedule an annual eye check-up: Certain eye conditions may not show any symptoms until very late stages, therefore seeing your ophthalmologist at regular intervals, even when you do not experience any eye problems can go a long way in keeping your eyes disease-free and preventing eye vision due to aging.

3. When should you immediately see an ophthalmologist and not delay his/her visit?

Although regular eye check-up visits play a vital role to maintain your eye health, there are certain conditions where you must seek your ophthalmologist’s help immediately because any delay may result in permanent irreversible damage to your eyes:

  • Sudden change in your vision.
  • If you see flashes of light.
  • Double vision.
  • Redness or swelling around your eye or eyelid.

Although regular eye check-up visits play a vital role to maintain your eye health, there are certain conditions where you must seek your ophthalmologist’s help immediately because any delay may result in permanent irreversible damage to your eyes:

  • Sudden change in your vision.
  • If you see flashes of light.
  • Double vision.
  • Redness or swelling around your eye or eyelid. 

4. Where can you find the best ophthalmologist in Delhi NCR for preventing vision loss due to aging?

Visit Dr. Deepa Gupta’s eye care center for the highest quality eye treatment with outstanding results. Homed by one of the best and most qualified doctors and staff, you will receive the best solutions to all your eye-related issues in a safe and comfortable environment. To further facilitate accuracy and precision in the treatment, Dr. Deepa’s clinic is equipped with the latest and modern equipment. Consult Dr. Deepa Gupta’s clinic today and experience the best eye health at reasonable costs.




September 5, 2022 Cataract Surgery0

Your Ultimate Intraocular Lens Guide

Cataract surgery is a vision correction procedure. However, it does not give you a perfect vision in many cases. To achieve that, patients had to wear glasses or contact lenses after the treatment. But due to the advancements in the ophthalmic field, you can now avoid that extra fuss. 

The procedure of cataract surgery now includes implanting a new vision correction lens into each of your eyes. Lenses of different types and effects are available in the market from which you can choose. The availability of multiple options allows you to resolve your vision issues along with cataracts. 

Table Of Content

  1. Why Do You Need Lens After Cataract Surgery?
  2. What Is An Intraocular Lens?
  3. What Are The Different  Types Of Intraocular Lens?
  4. Which Lens Is Best For You?

We understand that too many options might also mean the stress of determining the best type for you. This is why we have brought together a guide for you to understand why these lenses are needed, what types of lenses are available, and how to choose the right type for yourself. 

Why Do You Need Lens After Cataract Surgery


A cataract is caused by the clumping together and accumulation of the proteins in your eye lens. This causes your vision to turn foggy and blurred. Many people also experience a halo effect and light sensitivity. The doctor removes these clumped-up proteins during the surgery, which naturally improves your vision. 

However, cataract is often observed in people around or above 40 years of age. During this time, a large part of the population also already suffers from vision defects like myopia, hypermetropia, or both. 

So even if you get cataract surgery, you might not get normal clear vision. To deal with this, a lens implant is coupled with a cataract surgical procedure

This way, your cataract and vision defect will be addressed with a single surgery. 

What Is An Intraocular Lens?

A lens is a flexible, clear, and curved structure lying right behind your iris, the brown part of the eyes. It works to focus the light rays to form a clear image. 

An intraocular lens can be considered an artificial version of your natural lens. It has a similar structure and performs the same function. These lenses can be customized to address your defects accurately

There are mainly two types of visual defects. The first is spherical, which is caused due to abnormalities or defects in your natural lens. The other is cylindrical, caused due to dissymmetry of the optical curvature. 

Different lenses are designed for each of these and other common issues. At Dr. Deepa Gupta’s Clinic, the doctor implants this lens during cataract surgery. The use of these lenses gives permanent results. 

What Are The Different  Types Of Intraocular Lens? 

The different types of intraocular lenses have distinct features to focus on different visual defects. Hence, there is a high chance that you will find the one type that addresses your concerns. 

  1. Monofocal Lens

As the name suggests, a monofocal lens allows your eyes to focus on a single distance range. You can choose whether you want to see the nearby objects or distant objects without the help of prescription glasses or contact lenses. This lens deals with spherical vision defects. 

If you have either myopia or hypermetropia, the choice would be easy. However, while deciding, consider the fact that the lens would have a permanent effect. 

Usually, the doctor advises getting the lens with distance vision as that is used the most. However, if you are an artist or read very often, you might prefer getting a near-sighted lens.

  1. Multifocal Lens

If having to choose between near and distant vision does not sound appealing to you, a multifocal lens might catch your attention. It also addresses spherical vision defects. However, this lens can allow you to focus on near and distant objects

The power of the lens can be customized as needed. This could help you completely get rid of prescription glasses and contact lenses. 

Note that this lens has some downsides, including glare and decreased contrast sensitivity. 

  1. Toric Lens

A toric lens deals with spherical as well as cylindrical defects. As the only lens that corrects cylindrical defects, it is best for people with astigmatism because the condition is caused by a deviation from the normal spherical curvature of the eyes. 

The Toric lens works on moderate to high levels of astigmatism. However, it also has specific vision ranges. 

  1. Monovision

If none of the above lenses seem to work for you, this creative way definitely would! In monovision, the two eyes are implanted with two different lenses. Suppose the doctor implants one eye with a monofocal lens with near vision and the other eye with a monofocal lens with distant vision. This would allow you to see clearly in both visual ranges. 


Which Lens Is Best For You? 

The best lens for you depends on the type of visual defect you have. For instance, a toric lens is the best option for people with astigmatism. Monovision could be a smart way to address the issue if you have both myopia and hypermetropia. 

Also, note that you might need to consider your budget while choosing. The type of lens you go for might affect the final cost of cataract surgery

It is best to talk to your doctor about the matter. At Dr. Deepa Gupta’s Clinic, you can book an appointment with expert doctors. They would consider your vision status and suggest you the best options. You will also know if using a particular lens could have any side effects. 

As the results are permanent, thorough consultation and consideration are necessary

Bottom Line

At Dr. Deepa Gupta’s Clinic, we provide the best quality eye treatment. Our doctors are expert professionals with years of experience in ophthalmic treatment. You will find the solutions to all your eye-related issues here. Cataract surgery, cornea services, keratoconus treatment, and Lasik surgery are some of our best-known services. 

The clinic is furnished with modern cutting-edge equipment to ensure brilliance and accuracy during the treatment. 

Visit Dr. Deepa Gupta’s Clinic or book an appointment to get cataract surgery and lens implantation! 


July 26, 2022 Uncategorized0

Know About Keratoconus: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What is Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a dynamic condition characterized by diminishing the cornea that causes it to lose its symmetrical arch shape. It causes the cornea (the clear surface on the front of the eye) to lean continuously and bulge into a cone shape. The cone-formed cornea further leads to nearsightedness( myopia) and astigmatism. It results in blurry and distorted vision.

Table Of Content

  1. Cause Of Keratoconus 
  2. Keratoconus Symptoms
  3. Stages of Keratoconus
  4. Diagnosing Keratoconus
  5. Keratoconus Treatment
  6. Takeaway

Causes of Keratoconus

No predisposing factor is yet known for causing Keratoconus. It is believed that both hereditary and environmental factors contribute to its development. Some of the causative agents can be:

  • Family History: It is believed that some individuals with Keratoconus may have genes that predispose them to develop the condition if specific environmental conditions are present.
  • Underlying illnesses: There may be a direct cause and effect relationship between certain underlying illnesses and Keratoconus, although this has not been proven. These conditions include Leber congenital amaurosis, Marfan syndrome, sleep apnea, asthma, and a few connective tissue diseases such as brittle cornea syndrome and Down syndrome.
  • Environment-related Factors: Wearing contact lenses, excessive eye rubbing, and Chronic eye inflammation caused by asthma, allergies, etc., are some of the environmental risk factors that might lead to the development of Keratoconus.

Keratoconus Symptoms

Keratoconus Signs and symptoms are not exhibited early. The absence of symptoms in the early stages is normal for people suffering with keratoconus. As the problem worsens, your cornea’s asymmetry may cause mild to severe vision distortion and loss of vision. 

Some of the common visible signs of keratoconus symptoms include

  • Hazy, misaligned, or deteriorating vision 
  • Heightened sensitivity to brightness and light
  • Driving issues at night, including haloes or streaks around bright lights
  • Frequently changing prescription for glasses 
  • Monocular diplopia, or double vision in both eyes
  • Headaches or itchy eyes
  • Short-sightedness (myopia)
  • Wounds on the cornea
  • The corneal tissue thinning

Stages of Keratoconus

Keratoconus has different stages based on the worsening health of the eye. The three essential stages of Keratoconus are:

  • Early/Mild: Keratoconus might not exhibit any symptoms in the early stages. Glasses or contact lenses may be recommended for astigmatism and short-sightedness.
  • Moderate: At this point, your cornea’s shape and possible corneal thinning changes are visible. Cross-linking was frequently used to stop the progression of Keratoconus. It may be used with laser treatment to enhance vision and lessen or regularise astigmatism. Your scans and the condition of your eyes determine whether you are a candidate for keratoconus treatment.

Advanced: At this most advanced stage, You’ll probably have significant corneal scarring and thinning. Cross-linking development can help to treat Keratoconus using corneal ring segments and corneal transplants


Diagnosing Keratoconus

As early stages of keratoconus condition have no symptoms, we frequently diagnose Keratoconus during an evaluation for laser vision correction. We will screen for Keratoconus if you have a diagnosis of astigmatism that is quickly changing. An eye specialist might evaluate your eyes and symptoms during your consultation. They might also discuss risk factors, including rubbing your eyes and Keratoconus in the family.

Using AI-powered technology, Corneal topography scans offer a complete examination of your cornea’s structure, which is the most accurate way to diagnose Keratoconus.

Keratoconus Treatment

The various options are available for the keratoconus treatment based on the Detroit conditions. Some of the commonly used line of Keratoconus treatment are: 

  • Glass or soft lens: The early stages of Keratoconus can be improved with glasses or soft contact lenses. As the condition worsens, special hard contacts (rigid gas permeable contacts) may be needed. 
  • Corneal Transplant: When glasses or contact lenses can no longer enhance eyesight due to advanced Keratoconus, Keratoconus Eye surgery is recommended. A corneal transplant is a type of Keratoconus Surgery. During a corneal transplant, the damaged portion of the cornea is removed and replaced with a healthy donor cornea.
  • Cross-Linking: A more recent therapy that slows or stops keratoconus progression is collagen cross-linking. To strengthen the collagen fibers in the cornea, riboflavin (vitamin B12) drops and UV radiation is applied to the cornea. Cross-linking doesn’t cure keratoconus-related vision loss, but it prevents further loss.
  • Keratoconus Laser treatment: Laser surgery is a solution when treating fruste and advanced Keratoconus. If the keratoconus apex has scars or nodules, keratoconus laser treatment is advised. In this situation, a keratoconus laser can be beneficial since it can flatten and regularise the CONUS. It enhances vision and ensures a greater contact lens tolerance.
  • Keratoconus Eye Surgery: Due to pain, significant corneal thinning, or scarring, some keratoconus patients have trouble wearing contact lenses. If glasses cannot correct your vision,  Keratoconus eye surgery may be suggested. Keratoplasty and Intracorneal ring segments are two commonly available surgeries.


As Keratoconus progresses, it may cause corneal thinning, scarring, and a severe loss of vision. You have the highest chance of reducing long-term impairments to your eyesight by getting a proper diagnosis and treatment for Keratoconus as soon as possible. 

If you are exhibiting keratoconus symptoms, contact us. Using AI-powered technologies, our knowledgeable specialists identify Keratoconus. To schedule a keratoconus assessment and testing, contact one of our experts and schedule a consultation. We provide a well-defined opinion service to relieve your mind if you are concerned that another eye doctor might have overlooked your keratoconus symptoms.

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Visit us:

1. Lall Eye Care New Railway Road, Gurgaon, Haryana – 122001
2. Lall 20/20 Eye Care 50 SP, Sector 45, Gurgaon, Haryana

Copyright by Ichelon 2021. All rights reserved.

Copyright by Ichelon 2021. All rights reserved.