What is a corneal abrasion?
Corneal abrasion is an eye injury that causes discomfort, photophobia, and erythema. The cornea is a clear area in the centre of the front of the eye through which we all see. When this portion of the eye is scratched, the injury is termed a corneal abrasion. The scratch or scrape of the cornea can be due to a fingernail, contact lens, tree branch, or any other object.
In many cases, minor abrasions heal in a few days with drops for corneal abrasion prescribed by the doctor. Healing time depends on the size of the corneal abrasion; however, most of them heal in two to three days. At the same time, larger abrasions can cover one-half of the cornea’s surface area and may take more time to heal, which can be for about four to five days.
Symptoms of corneal abrasion or erosion
Corneal erosion or abrasion are related. Abrasion is an injury like cuts, scrapes, or scratches. Corneal erosion is because of a loose attachment of the epithelium to the underlying tissue. This occurs mainly at the site of an earlier corneal abrasion. Some patients have a condition termed map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy that makes them more likely to have recurrent corneal erosions.
In some cases, eye conditions like eye dryness can also cause abrasion. The corneal abrasion symptoms and symptoms of corneal erosion are the same:
- The feeling of having something within your eye
- Pain as well as soreness of the eye
- Redness of the eye
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurred vision
Causes of corneal abrasion – When to see an eye specialist?
The cornea has many nerve endings, and a minor scratch may feel uncomfortable and painful. You may feel something significant and rough in your eye that you can’t see. You must visit the best eye specialist when you feel sudden eye pain with tears, rapid blinking, and redness. Some leading causes of corneal abrasion are:
- Poking the eye with a fingernail, pen, or makeup brush,
- Dirt, sand, ash, or other foreign matter entering your eye,
- Chemicals entering your eye
- Rubbing the eye too hard,
- Wearing poorly fitted contact lens
- Any eye infection
- Had surgery without proper eye protection
Diagnosis of corneal abrasion
Corneal abrasions cannot be visible to the naked eye, but an expert ophthalmologist can see an abrasion with a slit lamp biomicroscope. It is a tool that is used during routine eye checkups. The slit lamp microscope is attached to a high-powered light source, allowing the eye specialist to examine the eye closely. Corneal erosions or abrasions can be diagnosed using a special; dye and light.
Treatment of corneal abrasion
After a proper diagnosis of corneal abrasion, if you are diagnosed with it, then the first thing to do is to avoid rubbing your eyes. Only an expert eye doctor will recommend the appropriate treatment for the condition. They will examine the eye and remove any object if they find it. Mostly the condition heals in a few days, and doctors may prescribe eye drops for corneal abrasions. These eye drops help keep your eyes lubricated and reduce the chance of infections. It is vital to use these drops as recommended. Also, doctors may recommend avoiding contact lenses for a while as larger corneal abrasions heal time is more. If a patient experiences extreme pain or light sensitivity, the doctor may prescribe oral pain medicine until the abrasion or erosion has healed.
What will happen if corneal abrasion is left untreated?
Corneal abrasion can damage your eyes and cause permanent vision loss if left untreated. Checking with an expert eye specialist is important because a damaged corneal can cause more damage. It is best not to rub your eyes until the doctor has been notified of the injury. A minor scratch in your eyes should heal in one to three days. More severe abrasions cases may take a longer time:
During the healing process, you should avoid
- Avoid rubbing your eyes.
- Avoid wearing contact lenses until your eye doctor allows you to.
- Should Wear sunglasses to ease discomfort due to sunlight.
A person will fully recover from a minor scratch without permanent eye damage. But severe eye scratches can yak time and cause infections, scars, and many other problems. If overlooked or ignored, they can lead to long-term vision problems. It is best to get your eye tested if you experience any above-listed corneal abrasion symptoms, and it also includes a return of pain after the treatment.
The corneal abrasion healing process
The corneal abrasion healing time depends upon the severity of the damage; however, most heal within 24 to 48 hours with no permanent damage. If the pain continues, you must discuss it with your doctor to avoid severe damage. In most cases, the doctor will prescribe eye drops for corneal abrasion to ease pain and help avoid infection. In some instances, if a patch is required to prevent the eye from moving within the eyelid, the doctor may prescribe it during the healing.
Why choose Lall path care for corneal abrasion or corneal erosion treatment?
The cornea is the vital part of the eyes that allows people to see correctly, and if any problems exist, they should never be ignored. It is necessary to visit an expert ophthalmologist specialising in corneal conditions for a corneal abrasion treatment. Your visit to Lall eye care to get treated by a corneal specialist in Gurgaon will help you to determine any symptoms and complications in your eyes. If you have any vision problems, particularly corneal conditions, book your appointment to keep your corneal health in check.