What Is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is an eye condition that mostly affects the cornea of the eyes. This condition can affect either one or both eyes simultaneously. Keratoconus can cause a complete loss of eyesight as it progresses.
The cornea is the transparent outer circular component of the eye and its primary function is light refraction. It is composed of a flexible protein called collagen, which aids in the maintenance of the cornea’s round shape as in this condition, it might get changed to an irregular conical shape. Keratoconus is often observed when this collagen begins to degrade and there are numerous irregularities on the corneal surface. The loss of collagen causes thinning of the cornea, which can impair eyesight.
It is often diagnosed in adolescence and can progress with age. Proper management of illness is extremely crucial to slow down the progression.
Get the Best Keratoconus Treatment from Lall Eye Care
At Lall Eye Care, we have the expertise and experience to treat Keratoconus. Dr. Deepa Gupta at Lall Eye Care is a renowned doctor treating keratoconus. Keratoconus is a condition in which the shape of the cornea develops a cone-shaped bulge.
Keratoconus is primarily bilateral and asymmetrical and affects both eyes. The exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, but it can affect you adversely.
Lall Eye Care is an advanced ophthalmologic clinic that offers highly customised eye care solutions. In keratoconus, the light rays entering the eye don’t focus on a single point. Consult with Dr. Deepa Gupta today to avail highly advanced keratoconus treatment.
Schedule an appointment today.
Causes and Risk factors associated with Keratoconus
The specific aetiology of keratoconus has yet to be determined. Collagen loss is commonly associated with it. However, there are other risk factors associated with developing the disease.
- Genetic predisposition: Having a family history of this disease might significantly enhance your chances of acquiring it.
- Age: Keratoconus is identified during puberty, and when the patients’ diseases worsen, surgical intervention becomes essential.
- Rubbing the eyes: The habit of rubbing the eyes on a regular basis might increase the risk of corneal collagen damage. It has been linked to an increased risk of developing keratoconus.
- Ocular inflammation: Chronic inflammation of the eyes can result in the breakdown of corneal tissue. This is a significant risk factor for the development of keratoconus. A history of allergies or conjunctivitis might also be a significant risk factor.
Symptoms of keratoconus?
Keratoconus symptoms can be difficult to detect, and many individuals are unaware that they have keratoconus in the early stages of this condition. Visual issues, such as hazy vision or impaired eyesight, are frequent symptoms that develop after the advancement of the disease. Here are some common symptoms associated with keratoconus.
The symptoms depend upon the different stages.
- The blurring of vision: Vision becomes hazy instead of sharp and clear.
- Distorted Vision: Things will appear distorted straight lines will appear crooked.
- Increased sensitivity to light and glare: You may see halos. It seems to be difficulties in open eyes in bright.
- Inflammation: Eyes may have redness and swelling.
- Change eyeglasses frequently: Eye prescriptions may change frequently.
- Increased blurring and sudden worsening of vision: There may be sudden clouding of vision.
- Difficulty in wearing contact lenses: The lenses may no longer fit or uncomfortable.
How is it Diagnosed?
Keratoconus is often diagnosed by a series of eye tests. To further understand your eye health, an ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough examination and review your medical history.
Some of the most common tests used in diagnosis are:
- Pentacam Computerized corneal mapping: Because keratoconus is associated with corneal abnormalities, this procedure involves a specialised photographic examination. This entails taking extremely precise photographs of the cornea to generate a corneal map. The cornea’s thickness is also measured using Pentacam computed tomography. This is useful for detecting the initial stages of keratoconus.
- Keratometry is a type of eye exam in which an ophthalmologist uses a light circle to measure the reflection from the cornea in which the cornea’s shape is determined.
- Eye Reflection test: Another method for diagnosing keratoconus is the eye reflection test, which tests the clarity of your vision. This assists the doctor in analysing the visual difficulties that you have.
- Slit-lamp examination: It is a popular comprehensive test in which the shape of the cornea can be easily visualized.
Our Speciality Services for Keratoconus Treatment
With our vast experience managing complex corneal cases, you’ll get highly customised keratoconus treatment. Dr. Deepa Gupta deploys a wide range of treatment procedures to address keratoconus. She implements the following treatment procedures to diagnose keratoconus.
- Dialled refraction
- Corneal topography with pentacam
- Corvis-ST to analyse the biomechanical weakening of the cornea
Based on the findings, Dr. Deepa Gupta will tailor your keratoconus treatment.
Expertise in C3R and CXL Eye Surgery
We are adept at executing C3R and CXL eye surgery at Lall Eye Care. Note that this surgery doesn’t correct refractive errors in your eyes. It helps maintain the current vision level and prevents it from degrading.
Crosslinking C3R and CXL eye surgery are stable and less invasive. Dr. Deepa Gupta is an expert in crosslinking surgery that aims to fortify collagen crosslinking strands. We are also one of the most reputed clinics for Keratoplasty.
Dr. Deepa Gupta possesses years of experience in transplanting corneas. In most cases, crosslinking surgery can stabilise keratoconus. To learn more, contact us today.
If you have keratoconus, it is critical to manage the disease properly. Because the problem can deteriorate over time, appropriate keratoconus management with the assistance of a highly skilled ophthalmologist is critical to preserve your eyesight.
Treatment and management of keratoconus should be decided only after a thorough examination by your ophthalmologist.
- Eyeglasses and contact lenses: If the problem is diagnosed early enough and the progression is mild, eyesight can be improved using eyeglasses and contact lenses. There are several types of lenses that can aid with vision improvements, such as piggyback lenses, hybrid lenses, and scleral lenses. When the condition reaches a certain stage and the corneal shape becomes thinner, glasses and contacts will no longer provide optimum eyesight.
- Hard Gas permeable lens: In circumstances when advancement has occurred, the ophthalmologist may also recommend a hard gas permeable lens. It is a type of hard contact lens that helps to retain the spherical shape of the eye, allowing for better and more focused vision.
- Intacs corneal rings: These are a relatively recent standard approach for keratoconus therapy. The inserts are inserted in the corneal stroma, which surrounds the periphery of the cornea, resulting in a flatter cornea and greater vision.
- Corneal collagen cross-linking with riboflavin: this is a more sophisticated method that involves the use of riboflavin-rich eye drops. The cornea is first saturated with these eye drops before being treated with UV radiation. This induces crosslinking of the cornea and stiffening. The rigidity prevents the corneal shape from shifting. It lowers the risk of vision loss and can aid in the stabilisation of keratoconus. In certain circumstances, two or three keratoconus management options can be combined to improve the effect and functionality. In general, corneal collagen cross-linking and Intacs are utilised in conjunction to improve management and therapy.
- Corneal Transplant: In the advanced phases of corneal scarring the damage is so extensive that therapies, prescription lenses, and contact lenses would be useless.
In such cases, corneal transplant surgery is the sole choice. There are two forms of corneal transplant surgery that can be performed.
- When the entire cornea needs to be transplanted, penetrating keratoplasty is performed in the presence of extensive corneal scarring or a very thin cornea. The complete cornea is transplanted after the damaged cornea is removed using donor tissue.
- Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty is another approach in which the inner lining of the cornea, known as the endothelium, is retained. The small portion of the altered cornea is replaced by damaged tissue.
The corneal transplant is a good surgical option for the treatment of keratoconus. It may have certain complications, but at advanced stages, no other technique can assist keratoconus better than surgery.
Consulting an experienced corneal specialist like Dr. Deepa Gupta to do your Keratoconus Surgery at the best & affordable cost.
Best keratoconus treatment in Gurgaon?
Dr Deepa Gupta is one of the best keratoconus treatment in Gurgaon. The treatment depends upon the severity of symptoms and how quickly the disease happening. There are two main approaches to keratoconus treatment:
- Improvement of vision: Various options are available at Lal eye care. Few of them are listed below.
- Eyeglasses/ soft contact lenses
- Hard contact lenses
- Piggyback lenses
- Hybrid lenses
- Scleral lenses
Dr Deepa meticulously assesses your condition and needs and accordingly prescribes the treatment:
- To slow the progression of Keratoconus: Dr Deepa provides therapies like:
- Collagen crosslinking: In early stage, when the progression of the disease has started, this treatment is useful. In this, riboflavin eye drops are put into cornea and exposed to UV light which makes your cornea stiff, and prevents further damage to its shape and reduces more loss of vision.
- Surgery: These type of surgical intervention needed depends on where the bulging corneal cone lies and the severity of your condition:
Intrastromal corneal ring segments(ICRS): Small synthetic rings are inserted into your cornea that makes contact lenses better and improves vision. Sometimes Dr Deepa recommends this procedure along with collagen crosslinking for best results.
Cornea transplant: Cornea replaced by a new donor cornea. It is needed when the cornea becomes very thin or scarred.
Dr Deepa Gupta is among the most trusted ophthalmologist in Gurgaon. She is highly qualified and widely experienced in successfully treating variety of eye diseases for more than 13 years. She is the most preferred ophthalmologist because her patients compassion and empathy towards them. You will be assured of personalized and advanced eye care at Lal eye care with the modern technology and highly sophisticated equipment. Safety and comfort is on priority and so we maintain strict rules for sterilization and infection control.
Come and experience a new look with Dr Deepa Gupta at Lal Eye Care.
Signs and Symptoms of Keratoconus
The symptoms experienced by individuals with keratoconus can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Here are the most commonly observed signs:
- Blurry Vision:
Blurred vision is a prevalent symptom of keratoconus.
- Vision Distortion:
Keratoconus often distorts vision. Straight lines may appear wavy or distorted, and objects may appear stretched or tilted.
Many people with keratoconus experience heightened sensitivity to light, known as photophobia.
Glare sensitivity is another common symptom of keratoconus. Glare occurs when light reflects off surfaces like water, glass, or shiny objects.
- Eye Irritation and Itching
- Recurrent Spectacle Power Changes:
Keratoconus is characterized by a progressive thinning and steepening of the cornea.
- Inability to Wear Contact Lenses:
As keratoconus progresses, the cornea’s irregular shape makes it difficult for contact lenses to provide adequate vision correction and fit comfortably.
- Headaches due to glasses.
Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition that can pose challenges when it comes to vision and focus. Individuals affected by this condition often experience frequent changes in their lens prescription, and wearing an incorrect prescription can result in bothersome headaches.
As keratoconus advances, the cornea gradually thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape instead of maintaining its normal rounded curvature. This irregularity in the cornea causes distorted vision and difficulty focusing on objects. Consequently, individuals with keratoconus may find that their lens prescription needs to be updated frequently to accommodate these changes in corneal shape.
Treatment Options for Keratoconus: Restoring Vision and Stability
However, mild keratoconus cases can be managed with eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, and advanced stages necessitate specialized treatments. Let’s explore effective options for progressive keratoconus:
- Corneal crosslinking (CXL)
This procedure aims to strengthen the cornea and halt its bulging. By increasing the number of collagen fiber anchors, CXL fortifies corneal tissue and stabilizes the corneal shape.
- Custom soft contact lenses
Designed explicitly for mild-to-moderate keratoconus, these soft contact lenses are tailored to individual measurements. They offer enhanced comfort and vision correction compared to standard lenses.
- “Piggybacking” contact lenses
In this approach, a soft contact lens, such as a silicone hydrogel lens, is placed beneath a gas permeable (GP) lens to provide additional comfort and cushioning for those with keratoconus.
- Hybrid contact lenses
Combining a rigid center with a soft peripheral “skirt,” hybrid lenses deliver the sharp optics of GP lenses while offering the comfort associated with soft lenses.
- Topo Guided PRK with CXL
The combination of these techniques effectively prevents the progression of keratoconus and minimizes the likelihood of keratectasia. Using corneal cross-linking (CXL) in conjunction with photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) shows great promise as a therapeutic method in ophthalmology. This approach has demonstrated successful outcomes in treating advancing keratoconus and other corneal ectatic disorders while improving visual acuity.
These transparent, arc-shaped corneal inserts are operatively positioned within the peripheral cornea to reshape its front surface.
COST OF THE TREATMENT
The keratoconus treatment cost at Dr. Deepa Gupta’s clinic provides top-notch Keratoconus Treatment in Gurgaon, offering effective solutions for patients. The cost of keratoconus treatment, specifically Corneal Collagen Crosslinking (C3R), is priced at 60,000 INR. Additionally, for comprehensive treatment covering both eyes with Intacs rings, the cost is 1,60,000 INR.
Please note that the pricing is specific to our services and may vary depending on individual requirements and other factors. We strive to deliver excellent care and results for patients seeking relief from keratoconus in Gurgaon.
To determine the most suitable treatment, individuals with keratoconus should consult with an experienced eye care professional.