Blogs

WhatsApp-Image-2022-01-21-at-1.44.11-PM.jpeg

January 24, 2022 Eye care0

A person should have a healthy cornea (eyes) to have good vision. If the cornea or the eyes become infected or unhealthy in any form, one may face some challenges in vision. If it remains untreated for a prolonged time, it can lead to blindness. The symptoms of Corneal disease should not be ignored. One should consult an experienced eye specialist to determine which treatment options are appropriate for your cornea problem.

Table of Content:

  1. What is Cornea?
  2. Types of Corneal diseases: Signs and symptoms
  3. Treatment for Corneal diseases
  4. Takeaway
  5. FAQs

What is Cornea?

The cornea of the eye provides a protective shield from infections, foreign particles, and even from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It functions as a clear, outer layer over your eye’s lens and iris, as well as performs the foremost preliminary step of visual processing. The light refraction mechanism begins at the curved edge of the cornea, which aids in both close and distant vision.

Cornea problems can seriously impair your vision. They’re prone to damage as they are exposed to the outer layer and the most sensitive part of the eyes. Any kind of injury, damage, or infection can cause impaired vision, whereas any kind of reduction in the transparency nature of the cornea can result in blurred vision.

Corneal diseases can be triggered by various factors like genetic, environmental or any injury or other damage. The symptoms of diagnosed medical conditions can vary from light sensitivity, blurred vision to severe pain and irritation in the eyes. An accurate and timely diagnosis helps to receive better corneal disease treatment.

Some common symptoms of corneal damage or injury are pain in the eyes, swelling, redness, tearing, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, etc. Some other symptoms to pay attention to are a distortion of visual image, corneal scarring, reduction in sharpness of an image.

Types of Corneal diseases: Signs and Symptoms

Ophthalmologists address the mild symptoms with the help of specific eye drops and deep analysis of the eyes during routine checkups. Some common corneal diseases are:

  • Corneal Ulcer: It is an inflammatory disease caused within the cornea when germs and fungus infections get into the eye. It is also known as Keratitis. This occurs after an eye injury or a contact lens-related injury. Its symptoms are corneal discharge, redness associated with pain, and blurred vision. Corneal Ulcers can repair and heal themselves within 3-7 days of proper medications and care.
  • Ocular herpes: It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV I). Cold sores and genital herpes are both also caused by this same virus. Ocular herpes produces inflammation in the eye and sores on the eyelids. This disease is chronic, and if not treated properly, the person has a 50% chance of contracting it again.
  • Corneal degeneration and dystrophy: It is a group of conditions that are hereditary and caused due to genetic factors. They cause structural changes or defects in the cornea. Keratoconus is a type of one such condition in which the cornea thins and reshapes. The condition causes the cornea to become uneven or cone-shaped, obstructing our vision. It can occur in either one or both of the eyes. It is a kind of refractive disorder that leads to nearsightedness and astigmatism. Swelling, corneal scarring, and night vision loss are all symptoms associated with this syndrome.
  • Allergies: Allergies related to environmental factors like smoke, fog, pollution, and pollen grains are also other factors that affect the cornea, especially in dry and warm seasons. The symptoms associated with corneal allergies are irritation, burning sensation, itching, redness, tearing, and water discharge.
  • Dry eyes: It is one of the most common conditions in which the eyes are not able to keep themselves sufficiently moist and lubricated, due to which lower amounts of tears are produced. This type of condition is also prone to surface infection. It also causes symptoms like burning sensation, stinging, episodes of excessive tearing followed by dryness, pain, and redness. 
  • Corneal injury: The cornea functions as a protective shield for the eyes. It can restore and recover itself from mild injury. But in case of a major injury, it needs proper time, medication and treatment to heal. Deeper injury can cause corneal scarring and impaired vision, which sometimes require a corneal transplant.tegorized as corneal diseases or corneal dysfunction, which necessitate a thorough approach to treatment. With the advancement in new technologies and the comprehensive approach of doctors, many prestigious eye care facilities provide treatment for serious corneal problems. For years, the doctors have treated corneal-related disorders and helped patients restore their vision. Based on your conditions and the severity of the disorder, the line of treatment is decided where your vision is not at risk.

Procedures involving basic treatment, appropriate usage of contact lenses, removal and replacement of damaged cornea, a crosslinking process involving UV radiations, and laser therapy are a few listed treatments suggested for corneal damage.

cornea-treatment

Treatment for Corneal Diseases

All the aforesaid eye conditions are broadly categorized as corneal diseases or corneal dysfunction, which necessitate a thorough approach to treatment. With the advancement in new technologies and the comprehensive approach of doctors, many prestigious eye care facilities provide treatment for serious corneal problems. For years, the doctors have treated corneal-related disorders and helped patients restore their vision. Based on your conditions and the severity of the disorder, the line of treatment is decided where your vision is not at risk.

Procedures involving basic treatment, appropriate usage of contact lenses, removal and replacement of damaged cornea, a crosslinking process involving UV radiations, and laser therapy are a few listed treatments suggested for corneal damage.

Takeaway:

Any type of irritation, swelling, redness, or any other trouble related to it should not be ignored. You should visit and consult an ophthalmologist, who has expertise in corneal treatment, to get a timely diagnosis and quick treatment.

Dr. Deepa Gupta is among one of the best cornea specialists in gurgaon, Delhi NCR, who holds expertise in corneal treatments. Backed with years of experience and highly professional skills, she has great command in performing various types of cataract surgeries. Her area of specialization lies in corneal transplants, especially lamellar corneal transplants like DALK and DSAEK. 

Dr. Deepa is one of the finest ophthalmologists in Gurgaon who is highly knowledgeable, very patient, and well-experienced in diagnosing corneal illness based on a complete eye examination. At Dr. Deepa Gupta eye center, sophisticated eye care with specialized cutting-edge procedures and a highly skilled team of doctors strive for patients’ fastest and most complete recovery.

FAQs

  1. Can the cornea heal itself?

Minor damage to the cornea can be self-healed. But some major injury or damage needs medications and proper treatment to heal.

  1. Can a damaged cornea cause blindness?

Corneal injury, if left untreated, results in impaired or blurred vision, which is one of the prominent causes of blindness throughout the world.

  1. How can a damaged cornea be treated?

A damaged cornea can be treated by proper consultation with a doctor. Removal of foreign particles, treating infection from the eye, wearing proper eye contact lenses, using medicated eye drops or sometimes surgical methods, can help the recovery of the cornea.

  1. How can we diagnose a damaged cornea?

One can look for the symptoms like redness, irritation, burning sensation, swelling, tearing or blurred vision in one or both eyes. These symptoms should not be left unchecked and doctor consultation must be sought.

  1. How long does it take the cornea to recover?

The cornea recovery time varies from the severity of the disorder. If there is minor injury or damage to the cornea, one can get a quick recovery within 2–3 days. If the damage is major, it may take some time to heal.


WhatsApp-Image-2021-12-20-at-12.22.11-PM-1200x450.jpeg

December 23, 2021 Eye Surgery0

Managing glasses or contact lenses everyday is a big hassle for most of us. But what if you do not need them anymore? Yes, it is very well possible by one of the most popular eye surgeries nowadays called LASIK (Laser-assisted in situ Keratomileusis) eye surgery. It is a procedure where the cornea is reshaped to restore normal vision. LASIK eye surgery gives tremendous outcomes when performed under the right hands and with the right technology.

Table of Contents

Feel free to skip ahead if one topic catches your eye: 

  1. How does LASIK Surgery Improve & Restore your Vision?
  2. Who is an Ideal Candidate For LASIK Surgery?
  3. What Does LASIK Eye Surgery Involve?
  4. Is LASIK Eye Surgery Painful?
  5. What are the Risks Associated with LASIK Eye Surgery?
  6. How much Does LASIK Eye Surgery Cost?

Takeaway

1. How does LASIK surgery improve and restore your vision?

 LASIK eye surgery is done to correct refractive errors like Myopia, Hypermetropia, or Astigmatism, where the light is not correctly directed towards the retina which results in blurred vision.  In this surgery, a cutting laser very precisely changes the shape of the cornea (dome-shaped tissue in front of the eye.) resulting in bending light correctly onto the retina, thus restoring and improving your vision even without glasses /contact lenses. It reaps several benefits like:

  • It corrects your vision drastically.
  • It is a completely painless procedure.
  • Immediate results are achieved and normal activities can be resumed from the very next day, of course with some precautions.
  • It is cost-effective in the long run, as it reduces the use of eyewear and visit to ophthalmologists to a great extent.
  • It will improve your self-confidence and make you feel more active and comfortable.
  • You can engage in different sports activities without worrying about knocking off glasses.
  • Allergies by contact lenses like itching or watery eyes can be avoided by LASIK eye surgery.
  • Even if vision changes with age later, the doctor can adjust it.

lasik-eye-infographic

2. Who is an Ideal Candidate for LASIK surgery?

Are you wondering if you can get the LASIK eye surgery done? Some keys which help you know if you are a good candidate are:

  • If you are an adult and over 18 years of age: As the eyesight keeps on changing until you are an adult.
  • If your eye power has been stabilized: stable eyesight is essential before having the surgery, else your vision might change post-surgery. Usually, doctors recommend that the eyesight need to be stable at least 6 months before the surgery.
  • If you have overall good health: Certain diseases like diabetes, some autoimmune diseases like arthritis, or eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts, or dry eyes.
  • If you do not have very high power: LASIK eye surgery can correct power up to a certain limit,so very high power may not be corrected by this.
  • If you have a normal cornea: Since the cornea needs to be reshaped, it should be normal and of adequate thickness, else it can get weaken during reshaping.
  • Have clarity about the risks associated and have realistic expectations.
  • The Cost aspect is clear.

 A detailed and thorough doctor consultation, examination, and assessment are very important to decide on your surgery.

3. What does LASIK Surgery involve?

The LASIK surgery procedure basically involves two steps:

  • Making a flap on the cornea by an instrument.
  • Reshaping of the cornea with an excimer laser by removing tissue from the middle layer.

Usually takes around 15-20 minutes, but laser usage is just for a few seconds. Steps of the procedure involve:

  • Anesthetic drops are put to numb your eyes.
  • After you are relaxed and comfortable, and eyelid retractor is used to keep your eyelids open and the flap-making instrument is kept in position.
  • The doctor will ask you to look at the fixation light and will electronically activate the precision instrument, which will cut a corneal flap, revealing the middle layer of the cornea.
  • Then the cornea is reshaped by an excimer laser depending upon what error needs to be corrected.
  • After reshaping, the corneal flap is repositioned, and held in place by natural forces, until healing is complete.

LASIK eye surgery has an extremely quick recovery. Always follow your doctor’s instructions and be very regular with your follow-up visits to improve your vision.

4. Is LASIK eye surgery painful?

Fortunately, the LASIK surgery is not at all painful. The numbing solution dropped in your eyes helps to make your procedure completely painless and comfortable. Sometimes you may feel slight itching, burning, or watery eyes post-surgery, but this will resolve within a day or two.

5. What are the risks associated with LASIK surgery?

Although it is a very safe procedure, like all other surgeries, some risks with LASIK eye surgery may still be there:

  • Dry Eyes: There may be a temporary reduction in the formation of tears which may lead to dryness of the eyes. Lubricating drops are recommended.
  • Under corrections: Removal of lesser tissues may not result in clear vision and might require another surgery (Enhancement). 
  • Over Corrections: removal of excess tissues results in blurred vision and is difficult to correct, but it is rare.
  • Double vision, halos, and glare: Night vision may be compromised; glare, halos, and double vision may result around bright lights. Usually, this resolves within a few weeks.
  • Problems with the flap: Complications of infection and excess tears may occur and the outer layer of the cornea may abnormally grow under the flap.
  • Astigmatism: This may be caused by uneven tissue removal requiring additional surgery, spectacles, or contact lenses.
  • Regression: Your vision problem may relapse some years post-surgery, although it is not very common.
  • Loss of vision: This is a very rare complication

6. How much does LASIK eye surgery cost?

To most of us, LASIK surgery cost seems to be a steep one, but considering the cost to benefits ratio and the advantages, in the long run, it will come out to be affordable. LASIK eye surgery will reduce your ophthalmologist’s visit fees drastically and the cost of glasses and lenses will be nil for the rest of your life. Nevertheless, the cost of LASIK surgery will vary depending upon your condition of eyes, type of procedure, surgeon’s experience and qualifications, type of equipment used, etc.

Takeaway

At Dr. Deepa’s clinic, you will experience the best LASIK eye surgery in a comfortable environment by one of the topmost LASIK surgeons in Gurgaon. The doctors and staff are highly qualified and experienced, offering customized treatment plans according to your needs and condition. They use the latest and advanced technology to provide you with the most desirable outcomes at affordable costs. So, don’t wait, plan a consultation at Dr.Deepa’s clinic to get rid of your glasses forever.




Contact us


Call us

9899502110


Visit us:

1. Lall Eye Care New Railway Road, Gurgaon, Haryana – 122001
2. Lall 20/20 Eye Care 50 SP, Sector 45, Gurgaon, Haryana


Email:

deepsdoc18@gmail.com




Copyright by Ichelon 2021. All rights reserved.



Copyright by Ichelon 2021. All rights reserved.